(Sanskrit = assembly, host)
(1) In general, the whole Buddhist community.
(2) Specifically, the monastic community of Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunis (i.e. monks and nuns) founded by the Buddha.
1. The monastics travelled throughout India spreading the Buddha's message. By doing so, they became the first large-scale missionary effort conducted by any of the worlds great religions.
2. The term sangha was originally the name of the aristocratic councils of Buddha's era.
3. An equivalent concept in Islam is Ummah.