rta
(Sanskrit = cosmic order)

In ancient Vedic religion, this is the ordering principle that regulates the operation of the universe and everything in it. It is the Vedic antecedent of dharma. The god Varuna is the king of rta.

Notes
1. "In the Vedas, Rta is described as that which is ultimately responsible for the proper functioning of the natural, moral and sacrificial orders." (Wikipedia)

2. The opposite of rta, the principle of order, is druh, the principle of disharmony and chaos.

3. "RTA … represents the Vedic notion of an impersonal and powerful force upon which the ethical and physical worlds are based, …. [It] is the universal truth that gives effective strength to Vedic ritual practices, that serves as the foundation for proper social organization, and that preexists even the Vedic gods themselves, who find in it the very source and essence of their power.

In many ways, rta stands as the Vedic antecedent for the notion of dharma (the established order of things, proper behavior, fitting truth), …
(William K. Mahony — Encyclopedia of Religion)
Categories: ontology hinduism



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