Pythagoras (c. 550 - 500 BCE)
A pre-Socratic from Samos who created a religious cult in Italy that made important discoveries in mathematics, astronomy, and music theory.

1. The Babylonians discovered what is now called Pythagoras's theorem 1000 years earlier, but the Pythagoreans might have been the first to prove it.

2. Pythagorean ideas, such as reincarnation and eternal mathematical forms, stongly influenced Plato, and thus, all of subsequent Western philosophy.

3. "The so-called Pythagoreans, who were the first to take up mathematics, not only advanced this subject, but saturated with it, they fancied that the principles of mathematics were the principles of all things."
— Aristotle, Metaphysics 1–5
Categories: people presocratics pythagoreans

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