The language of the Theravada Buddist texts.
As opposed to Sanskrit, which is used in the Mahayana Buddism and Vajrayana Buddism traditions.
For example, Dhamma is the Pali version of the Sanskrit term Dharma.
1. Pali is a prakrit, a dialect of Sanskrit. It is to Sanskrit what Italian is to Latin.
2. The term Pali means "text," which emphasizes that Pali was created as a literary dialect of Sanskrit.
3. There's no Pali script. When written down it's written in the local script.