A heretical movement founded by the prophet Montanus. It arose in the second century CE in the Christian Church in Phrygia, Asia Minor.
Though the movement held similar views about the basic tenets of Christian doctrine to those of the wider Church, the Bishop of Rome condemned it as heretical — it was too ecstatic and self mutilatory — and excommunicated its adherents.
Parallels have been drawn between it and modern-day Pentecostalism.
1. It began in Phrysia (on the mid-west coast of Turkey), which had a history of this type of extremely ascetic and ecstatic religion.