(Arabic al-qur'an, the recitation)

The most important Islamic religious text. Muslims believe that it's the word of God as revealed to Muhammad over a period of 23 years.

1. It was first compiled and written down during Uthman's caliphate.

2. It consists of 114 chapters called suras, each of which consists of a variable number of verses called ayahs.

3. It is the first significant work written Arabic. It announces the end of the previously existing Arab oral culture.
Categories: islam

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