(Arabic = the people of the dhimma)
A non-Muslim, but protected, subject of Dar al-Islam, the muslim governed world.
1. They are protected if they belong to religions that are tolerated by the Koran (e.g. the People of the Book: Jews and Christians, but not Zoroastrians, Hindus, and Buddhists).
2. They have full religious liberty, and are allowed to organize their own communities according to their own laws and customs, as long as they recognize Islamic sovereignity.