(Greek dēmiourgos = skilled worker)
In Stoicism and Platonism, this is the entity responsible for fashioning and maintaining (but not necessarily creating) the material universe.
1. The proper noun derives from Plato's dialogue Timaeus (c. 360 BC), in which the Demiurge is the creator of the universe.
2. Plato's demiurge is not free to fashion the universe as it chooses; instead it must model the hypodoche (i.e. the primevel matter) after the eternal forms.
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