The Hindu term for the ultimate reality behind the veil of our sense perceptions.
1. It has two aspects:
(i) Nirguna Brahman, which is brahman without attributes, thus it can't be sensed by the senses or understood by the intellect.
(ii) Saguna Brahman, which is brahman with attributes, thus it can be sensed by the senses and perhaps understood by the intellect.
2. Plato called Nirguna Brahman the kosmos noetos, whereas Kant called it the noumenon.
3. Initially, Brahman was the Vedic word for the power inherent in ritual; later, it came to denote ultimate reality.
4. All of the multiplicity of Hindu gods — e.g. Shiva and Vishnu — are believed to be manifestations of Brahman, and that, Brahmin, the cosmic source of all things, creates a new universe with every exhalation.
|Categories: ontology hinduism|