Aristotle's four causes
According to Aristotle, these are the four main questions you should ask about something if you want to understand it:

1. What is its material cause? (i.e. what is it made of). For example, what are the materials that the building is made of?

2. What is its formal cause? (i.e. what is its form or structure). For example, what is the architectural plan for the building?

3. What is its final cause? (i.e. what is its purpose). For example, what will the building will be used for? e.g. a fire-hall? a warehouse?

4. What is its efficient cause ? (i.e. what made it come into being or caused it to change). For example, who built the house?
Categories: aristotle epistemology

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