Aristotle (384 – 322 BCE)
A Greek philosopher born in Stagirus, northern Greece. At 18, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and studied there until he was 37.

His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, politics, and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy.

After Plato died, he left Athens to tutor Alexander the Great between 356 and 323 BCE.

Initially an adherent Platonic idealism, following Plato's death, he adopted empiricism, believing that all human knowledge was based on perception.
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