privative case
Definition - A grammatical case that expresses the lack or absence of the marked referent.

1. In English, this is expressed by the preposition without or by the suffix less.
2. Its synonym caritive case is used when referring to Caucasian languages; whereas the synonym abessive case is normally used when referring to Finno-Ugric languages.

Example -
In Finnish, this case (more properly called the abessive case) is marked by -tta for back vowels, e.g. raha (money) and rahatta (without money).

Etymology -
The term derives from the Latin privare, to deprive.

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