| Definition -
Pairs of words in two languages or dialects that look and/or sound similar but have different meanings.
Note: As opposed to false cognates, which are similar words in different languages that appear to have a common etymology but in fact do not.
(1) In British English, to table a motion means "to place it on the agenda," whereas in U.S. English it means "to remove it from the agenda."
(2) In German Oldtimer refers to an old car (or antique aircraft), whereas in English it denotes "an old person."