Definition - The repeating of words at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences to increase emphasis.

1. In rhetoric, anaphora emphasizes words by repeating them at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, whereas epiphora is the repeating of words at the ends of clauses.

Example -

(1) (epiphora) When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child.
(1 Corinthians 13:11)
(2) (anaphora) Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!
(William Shakespeare, King John, II, i)

Etymology -
In Greek the word means "a bringing to or upon" (from epi, upon + phorein, to bring).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1678:
"Epiphora, Force or Impression, a figure in Rhetorick, in which one word is repeated at the end of several Sentences, but differs from Epistrophe, in that it hath respect chiefly to the Matter."
(Phillips, The New World of Words )

Please comment