direct object
Definition - The noun or pronoun that is directly affected by the verb's action. For example, in the phrase I hit Sam, the word Sam is the direct object of the verb hit.

The difference between direct and indirect objects

Oxford English Dictionary -
The term's first citation is from 1879:
"Some verbs have … two direct objects, one being a person, the other a thing."
(Roby Lat. Gram. iv. viii. §1122 )

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