anaphora (linguistics)
Definition - When words refer back to preceding words.

Example -
In the sentence although the dog had been damaged, it could still bark, the anaphoric it refers back to the word dog.

Etymology -
The word means "carrying back" in Greek.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation in its linguistics' sense is from 1933:
"The word one … replaces a with anaphora of the noun when no other modifier is present (Here are some apples; take one)."
(Bloomfield Language xvi. 266)

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