abessive case
Definition - A grammatical case that expresses the lack or absence of the marked referent.

1. In English this is expressed by the preposition without or by the suffix less.
2. The name abessive is normally used with reference to Finno-Ugric languages; whereas its synonym caritive is used when referring to Caucasian languages.

Example -
In Finnish the abessive case is marked by -tta for back vowels, e.g. raha (money) and rahatta (without money).

Etymology -
The term derives from the Latin abesse, to be distant.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1890:
"The comitative and abessive express respectively the presence and absence of an object."
(C. N. E. Eliot Finnish Gram. 132)

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