|Soon and Baliunas controversy|
In 2003, a paper written by Sallie Baliunas and Willie Soon was published in the journal Climate Research. The article reviewed 240 previously published papers attempting to find evidence for the existence of the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age.
It concluded that "Across the world, many records reveal that the 20th century is probably not the warmest or a uniquely extreme climatic period of the last millennium".
When the paper was published, half of the journal's editorial board, including chief editor Hans von Storch, resigned claiming a corrupted peer-review process. Senator James Inhofe called for a debate on the paper's findings in a Senate environment committee.
1. To read the paper that caused the controversy, click here.
2. Click here to read a team rebuttal by 13 climatologists: (Mann, M.E., Ammann, C.M., Bradley, R.S., Briffa, K.R., Crowley, T.J., Hughes, M.K., Jones, P.D., Oppenheimer, M., Osborn, T.J., Overpeck, J.T., Rutherford, S., Trenberth, K.E., Wigley, T.M.L.) that was published in Eos (Vol. 84, No. 27, 8 July 2003), the American Geophysical Union's house journal.
Note: This rebuttal itself was not peer-reviewed. This seems odd, but I don't know why yet. Perhaps, they were in a hurry and didn't want to beat around the bush with peer review — and considering that there were 13 authors, maybe there were not enough peers left to review it.
3. Click here to read Chronicles of Education's brief history of the controvery.
4. Click here to read Steve McIntyre post Climategate update of what was going on behind the scenes.